Veins in legs

Veins in the legs can be an unsightly view. Many women have this concern, where large, dark-colored superficial veins are prominent on the back of the legs. There are two types of veins that are visible at the back of the legs: spider veins and varicose veins – and both can ruin flawless, smooth and beautiful limbs. Good thing, there are now ways to eliminate these unwanted veins in legs. In this chapter, we’ll discuss what you can do about them.

Varicose veins Vs Spider veins

Varicose veins are veins that have stretched with blood pooled. It usually occurs when the other valve isn’t working properly. Varicose veins are highly noticeable due to its thick appearance that bulge on the legs. Compared to spider veins that are just thin veins under the skin that usually has a blue color. Although spider veins can be a symptom of poor blood circulation, it’s typically harmless.

Causes of vein formation on the legs


Dr. Martin mentioned in his book that gestation may lead to "increased pressure against the inferior vena cava, the main vein that drains blood from the lower half of the body. In certain body positions, the fetus can practically block the flow of blood." Furthermore, the imbalance of hormones during pregnancy "causes the smooth muscle of the veins to relax, increasing both their storage capacity and their propensity to dilate. This in turn increases the risk of varicose and spider veins." Dr. Bordone explains, "anything that increases pressure in your abdomen can lead to varicose veins," such as fat.


Although, varicose veins can be genetically inherited, don’t blame your parents as Dr. Martin says, "You can inherit the tendencies from either, or both sides of the family, and it can even skip a generation."

Standing or sitting for long hours

Crossing your legs doesn’t result in formation of varicose veins, and so does wearing heels. In fact, standing or sitting for long hours make the blood pool and the veins larger. Varicose veins may also come from "obesity, smoking, lack of exercise and hormonal birth control," says Dr. Navarro.

Treatment options to remove the veins on the leg

  •             Use a pantyhose or compression stockings

Wearing pantyhose or compression for the legs can help the veins and leg muscles transport blood easier and more efficiently. Wearing leg compressions is the first approach when treating varicose veins, as the compression squeezes the legs, which can ease or prevent the varicose veins from getting worse.

  •             Take Horse Chestnut Seed Extract

This natural extract can reduce the dilation of veins. You can buy products like these online.

  •             Apply Witch Hazel

Witch Hazel is widely available, which you can also find in drugstores near you. It has a "hose effect with the little film of chemical to squeeze the skin and relieve pain," according to Dr. Martin

  •             Prevention through self-care

You can prevent varicose veins from getting worse through exercise, diet, losing weight and by avoiding wearing tight clothes. You can also elevate the legs regularly, and avoid standing or sitting for long periods of time.

Surgeries for severe cases


Sclerotherapy is the most common approach for varicose veins. Because this procedure is minimally invasive, the client is allowed to go home right after the treatment. This procedure involves injection of a solution to small or medium varicose veins, which scars and closes the veins. In a few weeks, the veins will eventually fade.

Foam sclerotherapy

Foam sclerotherapy is applied to larger varicose veins. A foam solution is injected into the veins, which closes and seals it.

Laser surgeries

Laser devices can also be used to treat small varicose veins or spider veins. The laser sends strong bursts of light into the vein, which makes the veins fade and disappear. This is a non-invasive procedure that doesn’t require any incision or use of injection.

Catheter-assisted procedures

Varicose veins can also be treated using catheter-assisted procedures in combination with radiofrequency or laser energy. The procedure begins with the doctor inserting a catheter into the veins, where the tip of the catheter is heated using either radiofrequency or laser energy. As the catheter is pulled out, the veins collapse and sealed shut by heat. This approach is usually performed for larger veins.

High ligation and vein stripping

In this procedure, the veins are tied off before it joins a deep vein. The vein is then removed through small incisions. This approach is typically performed for clients who have severe varicose veins. However, for most people it’s an outpatient surgery, as it doesn’t affect the circulation of blood in the legs.

Ambulatory phlebectomy

This procedure is performed for clients with small varicose veins. It involves removing of the veins through a series of tiny skin punctures. Ambulatory phlebectomy is an outpatient procedure, where only some parts of the leg that are punctured are numbed.

Endoscopic vein surgery

This operation is the last option if all else fail for treatment of the varicose veins. Endoscopic vein surgery is performed to clients with advanced case that involves leg ulcer. In this procedure, the doctor inserts a miniscule video camera into the legs to be able to see the veins when closing and removing it. The veins are removed through small incisions. Despite its intricate procedure, this treatment can be done in an outpatient basis.

Preventing future varicose veins

Exercise is the best way to prevent the formation of varicose veins, and keep the legs looking young. It’s a good reason to begin your workout, as Dr. Rosenberg explains, "The more you're active and healthy the better."

Dr. Rosenberg’s suggests swimming and climbing stairs as great exercises to boost circulation. On the hand, Dr. Martin swears by walking. Toe raises is also a great choice which you can do anytime, anywhere. Just what Dr. Martin mentioned in his book, “Throughout the day, strengthen and exercise your calf muscles by simply raising yourself up on the balls of your feet and then lowering yourself back down."

Why varicose veins need to be treated

Treating varicose veins is more than just about vanity. It’s for healthier legs, too. Although some experts said that having varicose veins isn’t a serious health problem a person should worry about, it’s better to have it treated. According to Dr. Navarro, "Varicose veins cause fatigue of the legs, swelling and general discomfort. They can also be a warning of long-term health risks including: deep vein thrombosis, blood clots, poor circulation and leg swelling."

According to Lindsey Bordone, MD, a dermatologist in the department of dermatology at Columbia University Medical Center in New York City, one sure sign that you need to see a doctor is, "If your legs feel heavy or sore at the end of the day or with physical activity."

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