Sun damaged skin What are the solutions?
Sun damaged skin - Everything you need to know.
The sun’s ultraviolet light is harmful for the skin. It can cause temporary or permanent damage, from sunburn to early signs of aging. Excessive, and unprotected sun exposure may even lead to badly sun damaged skin and in worst cases, skin cancer. Thus, it’s important to protect the skin at all costs, whether you’re going out during the day or not. Here we will discuss how you can prevent the skin from getting damaged, or reverse it if ever you already have a sun-damaged skin.
As the famous saying goes, ‘prevention is better than cure.’ This is also true when it comes to the health of your skin. You must protect your skin everyday, whether you’re going to the beach or you’re staying at home. The sun’s ultraviolet light can damage the skin, whether you’re getting exposed to sun rays or not. Here’s how to protect your skin:
Using a sunblock that fits your skin type is the best way to protect your skin from having damages. Choose a sunscreen that contains SPF 50 or higher for the days when you will be exposed to the sun directly and for a long time. Products with higher SPFs can shield your skin from the harmful ultraviolet light, especially if you have a lighter skin tone. On the other hand, you may use a sunscreen with lower SPFs such as SPF 30, when you’re staying indoors, or when you will get moderate sun exposure for the day.
Keep the skin moisturized
You must keep your skin moisturized to prevent the formation of wrinkles and fine lines, which can also be a result of sun exposure. Make sure to use the type of moisturizer that fits your skin type. You can ask your dermatologist about the kind of moisturizer that fits you best.
Optimum hydration of the skin begins in the body. Thus, drinking lots of water can also help the skin stay moisturized and supple. Drink at least 8 glasses of water a day to help your skin cope up with heat. You may drink more water when you’re getting more sun exposure for the day.
Reversing sun-damaged skin
If you have a sun-damaged skin, which could be in the form of hyperpigmentation, wrinkles, or dark spots, there is still a way to reverse the damages. Here’s a few:
The damaged skin may look blotchy and uneven. This is because of the build of stratum corneum on the outermost layer of the skin, which can be removed through exfoliation. There several ways to exfoliate the dead skin cells, and reveal the new, and healthy epidermis. You can use physical scrubs or chemical peels to exfoliate your skin, and reverse its damages.
You can remove the stubborn brown spots that are caused by too much sun exposure. Buy over-the-counter products that can lighten the dark spots, such as soaps with Kojic acid combined with products that contain hydroquinone, and a mild steroid cream. Using these products can lighten the hyperpigmentation of the skin cause by sun exposure.
Laser can effectively treat the skin by using high-energy light to burn away the skin's damages and resurface the epidermis. Laser can also be used to minimize wrinkles and fine scars, which may also due to sun exposure. Laser/light therapy also encourages the skin to regenerate and repair. It encourages the growth of new skin cells, and removes old and damaged skin.
What does the sun do to your skin?
The sun is slowly killing you, and so are those UV beds you lay on to darken your skin tone. What can you do about it? Ultraviolet light damages all human skin, dark, fair, and all the colors in-between; the reason we even HAVE skin color is an evolutionary response to sunlight damaging human skin. Ultraviolet light works the same as any other light. It's either absorbed or reflected -- darker colors absorb more than lighter.
When UV light hits the skin it can be reflected by our outermost layer of skin, the stratum corneum. It that doesn't catch the radiation, the rays hit the inner layer of skin, the epidermis where it encounters that melanin packaged within melanosomes. When skin is exposed to the ultraviolet rays in sunlight, it darkens, or tans. All skin regardless of color, tans. More melanin scatters more of the damaging UV rays. Melanin in the skin is produced by melanocytes located in the epidermis. And it comes in the form of two pigments the brown eumelanin and a yellow and red phaeomelanin! Dark-skinned humans produce melanin all the time, while lighter-skinned people produce it as needed.The melanin is evolution's way of scattering the rays of UV light before they can harm your DNA, since we no longer have dark body hair to protect us. If our skin didn't do this, the UV radiation would get through, corrupt our DNA, and cause cancer before we could reach breeding age.
There were probably human ancestors that didn't tan -- and thus they weren't able to pass on their genes as efficiently. Sunburns are radiation burns from overexposure to ultraviolet radiation. It turns red because your body is trying to heal the damage and sending blood to the area. The burn isn't going to protect you from anything, neither will a tan, really.
In the end, ALL sun exposure results in UV light impacting your skin. It is never ending. If it's cloudy, there's UV. When it's snowy the UV can reflect off the snow and cause even MORE problems. When you're in a pool or ocean? Yep. UV. Light-skinned people are most susceptible to skin cancers because they have to make up for not having the melanin in the first place. Darker skinned people scatter more of the UV rays naturally, and therefore have significantly lower incidences of skin cancer.
Obviously, you can use sunscreen, which contains organic and inorganic chemicals to block the UV rays that cause cancers. Some of the molecules absorb the rays and release the energy as heat. However, a new study from the American Chemical Society found an overabundance of sunscreen in the oceans frequented by beachgoers. The titanium dioxide and zinc oxide nanoparticles in the creams and lotions were reacting with UV rays and creating hydrogen peroxide toxins that kill algae and phytoplankton -- the lifebloods of ocean ecosystems. It's a lose-lose.
Though it's better to wear it to protect yourself.
What are the solutions to Sun Damaged Skin?
Age or sun spots or skin discolorations which are due to sun exposure or constant daylight exposure. Sun damaged is mostly found on face, hands, arms, forehead, and can also found on other parts of the body.
Sun damaged is very common and in most cases treatment is not always necessary and in most cases a good commasuticles skin care + a course of peels will treat sun damage very well. Conditions treated
- sun spots
- minimal side effects and recovery time
- treat body and face areas
- can eliminate or minimise the appearance of pigmentations